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BURG REULAND

The history of this ruin goes back to the Roman times. The Franks erected a first castle on this spot. This castle was destroyed in 882 by the Vikings and again in 961 by the Hungarian armies. To prevent this from happening again the castle was rebuild in the 10th century with strong towers and thick stone walls. The big tower on the west side dates back to this period. The small tower in the North is even older and date back to the Roman times. This new impressive castle withstood all attacks. The castle was property of the Lords and Counts of Reuland a family that participate in many crusades and was so powerful that other Counts and Dukes did everything to be on a friendly base with them.
Lord Werner van Reuland was a close friend of Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa. Lord Dietrich van Reuland went on the third crusade and was named the lion because of his bravery. He would perish in the battle of Akkon as a hero after he had guided the crusaders army into victory.
The last member of the Reuland dynasty died in 1309 without a heir and so the castle went to the Counts van Blankenheim. They sold the castle to Johan de Blinde, Count of Luxemburg and King of Böhmen. Johan dies an heroic death in the battle of Crecy in 1346. His son Wenzel I succeeds him. He dies in 1383. His son Wenzel II was crowned Lord van Reuland, Duke van Luxemburg, King van Böhmen and Emperor of Germany in the year 1384. He will give the castle as feudal benefice to his counsellor Edmond van Engelsdorg. Edmonds grand daughter marries in 1410 the Lord Werner van Pallant. For more then 200 years the castle would belong to the Pallant dynasty. The last Lord of Pallant died in 1623.
The castle goes by inheritance to Count Johan Franz van Berghes.
The French king Lodewijk XIV arrived with his army in 1689 and he bombards and takes the castle. They have to give the land they conquered to the Austrians in 1714 who kept it until 1791. Count Ferdinand van Berg was the Lord of Reuland in these worried times. He died without a heir in 1763. The castle would become property of Luxemburg. They give the castle to administrators The last resident of Reuland was Johan Georg Franziskus Wolf.
In the meantime the revolution had started in France and the French army besieged and destroyed the castle in 1789. In 1804 it was sold to the family Mayers to be completely demolished. Luckily this didn't happen and the ruin is now property of the Belgian state. When I visited there were unfortunately festivities going on so I only could visit part of the ruin. When you are in the area it is certainly worth a visit the entrance is free.
I have more pictures of this castle here: HERE

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